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[Video] 95% ATMs Machine in Malaysia Open to Vulnerable ?

This is how Malaysian ATMs Machines were hacked through Short Messaging System ( SMS )

Hacked ATMs using SMS



Previously happening in Malaysia is  the high-tech Latin American gang hacked and stole Ringgit Malaysia 3 million  in a couple of nights?

Its all started with Microsoft  as they have stopped supporting Windows XP operating system after 8th April, 2014. In other words, even if the ATM trojan horse was discovered one day after the end-of-support date, Microsoft will not release any security patches to plug the threat, period.



The problem is there are up to 95% ATM machines still running on Windows XP. Again, due to cost and profit, banking institutions prefer to close one-eye and pretend as if their ATMs were as secured as the Alcatraz.

 In the case of Malaysian ATM thefts, the Latin Americans could most likely infected their compact disc with “Backdoor.Padpin” trojan horse. Once the CD is inserted, the ATM reboots and execute the trojan horse, which create the following file:

[PATH TO THREAT]\ulssm.exe

The Trojan then creates the following registry entries so that it runs every time Windows starts:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\”ulssm.exe” = “[PATH TO THREAT]\ulssm.exe“

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\”ulssm.exe” = “[PATH TO THREAT]\ulssm.exe“




The Trojan can delete itself if it fails to gain control of the PIN pad or dispenser. It runs in the background until a specific code is entered on the ATM’s PIN pad. Finally, it then opens a back door on the ATM running Windows XP, allowing an attacker to perform the following actions:
Display cassette information such as bills left, denomination and total amount per cassette
Dispense money from the compromised ATM
Select which cassette the ATM dispenses money from
Temporarily disable the local network to avoid triggering alarms when withdrawing money
Extend the duration of the session in order to continue stealing money
Delete the Trojan from the compromised ATM

There’s also another famous trojan horse – Backdoor.Ploutus – which was discovered in 2013 to hack ATMs in Mexico.

Amazingly, this Ploutus trojan allows cybercriminals to simply send an SMS to the compromised ATM, then walk up and collect the dispensed cash. Here’s how it works:




Process overview

1. The attacker installs Ploutus on the ATM and connects a mobile phone to the machine with a USB cable.
2. The controller sends two SMS messages to the mobile phone inside the ATM.
2.1 SMS 1 must contain a valid activation ID in order to enable Ploutus in the ATM.
2.2 SMS 2 must contain a valid dispense command to get the money out.
2.3 The phone detects valid incoming SMS messages and forwards them to the ATM as a TCP or UDP packet.
2.4 In the ATM, the network packet monitor module receives the TCP/UDP packet and if it contains a valid command, it will execute Ploutus.

2.5 Ploutus causes the ATM machine spew out the cash. The amount of cash dispensed is pre-configured inside the malware.

The cash is collected from the ATM by the money mule.

3. The Attacker Collect the Cash


Whichever the method used, the Latin American gang did one huge mistake – they forgot to erase their foot trail by deleting their trojan from the ATMs hacked and robbed. Perhaps they were too excited and surprised with the lack of banking security in this country. Either way, the fact that no security guard was deployed to this “goldmines” can only means one thing – the hacking spree is going to continue (*tongue-in-cheek*).



So What can be done to protect ATMs Machine in Malaysia?

Modern ATMs have enhanced security features, such as encrypted hard-drives, which can prevent these types of installation techniques. However, for older ATMs still running on Windows XP, protecting against these types of attacks is more challenging, especially when the ATMs are already deployed in all sorts of remote locations. Another difficulty that needs to be addressed is the physical security of the computer inside the ATMs. While the ATM’s money is locked inside a safe, the computer generally is not. Without adequate physical security for these older ATMs, the attacker has the upper hand.

A number of measures could be taken to make things more difficult for the criminals. These include:

Upgrading to a supported operating system such as Windows 7 or 8
Providing adequate physical protection and considering CCTV monitoring for the ATM
Locking down the BIOS to prevent booting from unauthorized media, such as CD ROMs or USB sticks
Using full disk encryption to help prevent disk tampering
Using a system lock down solution such as Symantec Data Center Security: Server Advanced (previously known as Critical System Protection)
With all these measures in place, attackers would find it much harder to compromise an ATM without a complicit insider.


[ Video ]

Last but not Least Please watched this this useful video provide by symantec on how to hack the ATM Machines.


 


91 Komentar untuk "[Video] 95% ATMs Machine in Malaysia Open to Vulnerable ?"
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator. - Hapus

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This comment has been removed by a blog administrator. - Hapus
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